Bird Families

Broad-billed Niltava / Cyornis caerulatus

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It looks like a gray, Siberian and variegated flycatcher, differs from them in a whitish ring around the eye, lightening between the beak and the eye, the absence of obvious streaks on the underside of the body, instead of them there is an almost uniform gray coating on the chest and sides. The beak is rather large, especially in comparison with the small beak of the Siberian flycatcher, the yellow or ocher base of the mandible is brighter than that of other flycatchers. Male and female are similarly colored.
In the autumn feather there are light edges on the flight feathers and wing coverts, the top of the head with a scaly pattern. Juveniles up to summer molt gray-brown above, with buffy streaks, underparts are light, buffy-brownish,
with a dark scaly pattern; the flight feathers and wing coverts have buffy edges. Autumn juveniles are colored like adults, but chick coloration elements are preserved - ocher edges and spots on the wing and some of the upper tail coverts.
Vote. The song is chirpy, unhurried and quiet, in high tones, but rather melodic, may include stanzas from songs of other birds. When singing, the male keeps most often in the lower parts of the crowns, often flies over. With anxiety, they emit a sharp chirping and "chirp".

Spread

Forest regions of the Far East and Siberia, as well as the south and south-east. Asia. In Siberia - to the west to the Tomsk region, the distribution boundaries are poorly understood. In most areas, they are few or common, in places they are numerous. There are 4 subspecies, in Siberia - 2, differ in the intensity of the color of the bottom and some average sizes. M d.pallasi - western subspecies, to the east - to Lake Baikal, M. d. dauurica - east of Baikal

Biology

Arrives early - mid June. They inhabit forests of various types, mainly deciduous and mixed, as well as pine, larch, they choose sparse and lightened areas. In clearings, burnt-out areas and in the forest-steppe, they also nest in bushes.
The nest is placed openly on a branch or in a fork in trees of different species, at a height of 2 to 9 m, sometimes higher. It looks like a bowl, neatly woven from mosses, lichens, strips of birch bark and other soft bark, with twigs, grass, needles, roots. The tray contains dry needles, small roots, strips of bast, delicate blades of grass and lichens, wool, plant fibers, and sometimes feathers. Outside, the nest is disguised as the color of a tree trunk, braided with cobwebs. In a clutch there are 3-6 eggs, more often - 5, their color is pale greenish-bluish, greenish-gray, with a uniform or thickened soft beige or ocher bloom at the blunt end, without spots. The dimensions of the eggs are 14-18 x 11-14 mm. The female incubates for 11-15 days, starting from the laying of the penultimate egg. In most pairs, the male feeds the female on the nest or nearby on a branch. The head and back of the chicks are covered with two-colored down: the fluffs are yellowish-white at the base, dark gray in the terminal part, the oral cavity is yellow, the beak ridges are pale yellow. Chicks leave the nest at the age of approx. 14 days. Departure occurs at the end of August - September. They hibernate in India, Indochina, Indonesia.

Hornbills (Eurylaimidae)

Species nameHabitatHabitat area (sq. Km)(Conservation status)
Lesser Green Beak (Calyptomena viridis)Kalimantan Island and Sumatra, Malak Peninsula2 910 000(NT)
Blue-bellied green beak (Calyptomena hosii)North Kalimantan-(NT)
Large Green Rollbeak (Calyptomena whiteheadi)North Kalimantan-(LC)
Brown broad-beak (Corydon sumatranus)Indochina-(LC)
Red-bellied hornbeak (Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos)Indochina1 730 000(LC)
Philippine golden-bellied hornbeak (Eurylaimus steerii)Mindanao Island97 100(VU) up to 10,000
Black-and-yellow robebeak (Eurylaimus ochromalus)Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand-(NT)
Javan Rollbeak (Eurylaimus javanicus)Indochina-(LC)
Long-tailed hornbeak (Psarisomus dalhousiae)Himalayas, Indochina, Indonesia1 320 000(LC)
Grauer's Broadbeak (Pseudocalyptomena graueri)Uganda, Congo18 600(VU)
Gray-breasted Buckbeak (Serilophus lunatus)Himalayas, Indochina, Indonesia1 220 000(LC)
Red-sided Buckbeak (Smithornis rufolateralis)Central Africa842 000(LC)
Red-chested speckled hornbeak (Smithornis sharpei)Central Africa217 000(LC)
Black-headed variegated hornbeak (Smithornis capensis)Central and South Africa3 010 000(LC)

Family Horn-billed (Eurylaimidae) - 8 genera 14 species

Genus Green hornbills (Calyptomena) - 3 species

Lesser Green Beak (Calyptomena viridis)

Blue-bellied green beak (Calyptomena hosii)


Large Green Rollbeak (Calyptomena whiteheadi)

Genus Brown beak (Corydon) - 1 species

Brown broad-beak (Corydon sumatranus)

Genus Red-bellied hornbeak (Cymbirhynchus) - 1 species

Red-bellied hornbeak (Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos)

Genus Eurylaimus - 3 species

Philippine golden-bellied hornbeak (Eurylaimus steerii)

Black and yellow robebeak (Eurylaimus ochromalus)

Javan Rollbeak (Eurylaimus javanicus)

Genus Long-tailed hornbeak (Psarisomus) - 1 species

Long-tailed hornbeak (Psarisomus dalhousiae)

Genus Grauer's Broad-billed (Pseudocalyptomena) - 1 species

Grauer's Broadbeak (Pseudocalyptomena graueri)

Genus Gray-breasted hornbeak (Serilophus) - 1 species

Gray-breasted Buckbeak (Serilophus lunatus)

Genus Pied-bellied hornbills (Smithorni) - 3 species

Red-sided Buckbeak (Smithornis rufolateralis)

Red-chested speckled hornbeak (Smithornis sharpei)

Black-headed variegated hornbeak (Smithornis capensis)

Birds of Sri Lanka Passerines

List of Sri Lankan birds that I photographed while visiting the island in November 2010. I lived in Tangalle, visited Bundala National Park, Yala National Park, Matara, Sinharaja Forest Reserve.
Part two - Passerines.
Latin and English names according to IOC World Bird List Ver.2.6.
Russian names according to Boehme, Flint, "A five-language dictionary of animal names. Birds".
Subspecies are listed for Sri Lanka in accordance with BIRDS OF SRI LANKA. A PICTORIAL GUIDE AND CHECKLIST.

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72 Ash Swallow Shrike - Ashy Woodswallow - Artamus fuscus

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73 Long-tailed dwarf larvae - Small Minivet - Pericrocotus cinnamomeus cinnamomeus

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74 Siberian Shrike - Brown Shrike - Lanius cristatus lucionensis

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75 Black-headed Oriole - Black-hooded Oriole - Oriolus xanthornus

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76 White-bellied Drongo - Dicrurus caerulescens

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77 White-browed Fantail - Rhipidura aureola compressirostris

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78 Paradise, or long-tailed, flycatcher - Asian Paradise-Flycatcher - Terpsiphone paradisi

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79 Ceylon Azure Magpie - Sri Lanka Blue Magpie - Urocissa ornata

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80 House Crow - House Crow - Corvus splendens

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81 Indian Jungle Crow - Corvus culminatus
(Original Russian name)

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82 Jerdon's Bush Lark - Mirafra affinis ceylonensis
(Original Russian name)

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83 Gray-capped Passerine Lark - Ashy-crowned Sparrow-Lark - Eremopterix griseus

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84 Golden-breasted Bulbul - Black-capped Bulbul - Pycnonotus melanicterus

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85 Pink-bellied True Bulbul - Red-vented Bulbul - Pycnonotus cafer haemorrhous

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86 Yellow-browed Bulbul - Acritillas indica

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87 Barn Swallow - Barn Swallow - Hirundo rustica

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88 Turkestan Warbler - Clamorous Reed-Warbler - Acrocephalus stentoreus

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89 Ash Prinia - Gray-breasted Prinia - Prinia hodgsonii leggei

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90 Red-bellied Prinia - Ashy Prinia - Prinia socialis brevicauda
I had doubts about the correctness of the definition of this bird from the very beginning. But I really wanted to have one more acceptance on my list. After I photographed in March 2012 Prinia socialis in India, I studied this photo again, grimaced and decided to leave it in this place.
However, thanks to a discussion with Yegor egorkalini , in which, among other things, it was pointed out to me that there is no line across the eyes of a prion, I changed my mind and agreed that this is a female Lemon Sunbird (number 102 of this list).
For which I am very grateful to Yegor!
Well, I still have No. 90 for the Red-bellied Priya only in the Indian version.


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91 Jungle Prinia - Prinia sylvatica valida

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92 Red-fronted warbler dressmaker - Common Tailorbird - Orthotomus sutorius

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93 Sri Lanka Crooked-billed Thymlia - Sri Lanka Scimitar-Babbler - Pomatorhinus melanurus

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94 Yellow-billed Thrush Thymelia - Yellow-billed Babbler - Turdoides affinis taprobanus

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95 Common Myna - Acridotheres tristis melanosternus

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96 Brahminy Starling - Brahminy Starling - Sturnia (Temenuchus) pagodarum

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97 White-headed Shama Thrush - Oriental Magpie-Robin - Copsychus saularis ceylonensis

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98 Indian Coin - Indian (Black-backed) Robin - Saxicoloides fulicatus leucoptera

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99 Broad-billed Flycatcher - Asian Brown Flycatcher - Muscicapa dauurica

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100 Brown-breasted Niltava - Tickell's Blue-Flycatcher - Cyornis tickelliae

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101 Red-billed flower beetle - Pale-billed Flowerpecker - Dicaeum erythrorhynchos ceylonensis

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102 Lemon Sunbird - Purple-rumped Sunbird - Leptocoma zeylonica

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103 Shrub Sunbird - Loten's Sunbird - Cinnyris lotenius

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104 Black-headed Munia, or Indian Finch - Tricolored Munia (Black-headed Munia) - Lonchura malacca

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105 Scaly-breasted Munia - Lonchura punctulata

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106 Rice Pipit - Paddyfield Pipit - Anthus rufulus

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