Bird Families

Little Sultanka / Porphyrio martinica

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Introduction
1 Appearance
2 Distribution
3 Lifestyle
List of references

The Little Sultanka (Porphyrio martinica) is a small bird of the shepherd family.

1. Appearance

The bird is of medium size (about the size of a reed). The color is bright, greenish above and violet-blue below, white undertail. The legs are long, bright yellow, the beak is red with a yellow tip. The frontal shield is blue. Young birds are brown, downy chicks are black.

2. Dissemination

Breeds in the southeastern United States, central and northern South America. In the north of the range, the bird is migratory. Occasionally flies into western and southern Europe.

3. Lifestyle

Inhabits large swamps with dense vegetation. He knows how to deftly climb the stems of tall plants and branches of bushes. Usually it flies over short distances, with hanging legs. Omnivorous: It feeds on seeds and fruits as well as insects and other invertebrates. Sometimes it ravages birds' nests and ravages. The nest is built on a hummock; it is surrounded by water on all sides. In clutch there are 5 - 10 eggs, yellowish with brown streaks.

List of references:

Boehme R.L., Flint V.E. A five-language dictionary of animal names. Birds. Latin, Russian, English, German, French. / under the general editorship of Acad. V.E.Sokolova. - M .: Rus. lang., "RUSSO", 1994. - P. 73. - 2030 copies. - ISBN 5-200-00643-0

1. Appearance

The bird is of medium size (about the size of a reed). The color is bright, greenish above and violet-blue below, white undertail. The legs are long, bright yellow, the beak is red with a yellow tip. The frontal shield is blue. Young birds are brown, downy chicks are black.

2. Dissemination

Breeds in the southeastern United States, central and northern South America. In the north of the range, the bird is migratory. Occasionally flies into western and southern Europe.

3. Lifestyle

Inhabits large swamps with dense vegetation. He knows how to deftly climb the stems of tall plants and branches of bushes. Usually it flies over short distances, with hanging legs. Omnivorous: It feeds on seeds and fruits as well as insects and other invertebrates. Sometimes it ravages birds' nests and ravages. The nest is built on a hummock; it is surrounded by water on all sides. In clutch there are 5 - 10 eggs, yellowish with brown streaks.

Classification

In the genus of sultans (Porphyrio) there are 10 modern types:

  • Porphyrio alleni - Bronze sultana
  • Porphyrio flavirostris - Azure Sultanka
  • Porphyrio hochstetteri - Takahe
  • Porphyrio indicus
  • Porphyrio madagascariensis - Sultan of Madagascar
  • Porphyrio martinica - Little Sultanka
  • Porphyrio melanotus
  • Porphyrio poliocephalus - Caspian Sultan
  • Porphyrio porphyrio - Sultanka
  • Porphyrio pulverulentus

Extinct species (12 species):

  • White sultanka (Porphyrio albus) † - became extinct in the first half of the 19th century
  • Reunion moorhen (Porphyrio caerulescens) † - became extinct by the end of the 17th century
  • New Caledonian Sultanka (Porphyrio kukwiedei) † - Extinct in historical time (Late Quaternary) or later
  • Takahe about. Northern (Porphyrio mantelli) † - became extinct in historical time (late Quaternary period) or in the 1890s.
  • Marquesas moorhen (Porphyrio paepae) † - became extinct in historical time (late Quaternary period) or in the 1900s.
  • Sultanka about. Huahine (Porphyrio mcnabi) † - Extinct in Historical Time (Late Quaternary)
  • Sultanka about. Buka (Porphyrio sp.) † - historical time (Holocene)
  • Giant Sultan (Porphyrio sp.) † - historical time (Holocene)
  • Sultanka about. New Ireland (Porphyrio sp.) † - historical time (Holocene)
  • Sultanka about. Norfolk (Porphyrio sp.) † - historical time (Holocene)
  • Sultanka about. Rota (Porphyrio sp.) † - historical time (Holocene)
  • Sultanka (? Or Shepherd) Fr. Mangaia (Porphyrio sp.) † - historical time (Holocene) - species unclear - may belong to the genera: Sultanka or Moorhen or Pareudiastes

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